As you probably already know, the popular phrase ‘knee-jerk reaction’ has its roots in medicine. Before the convenience of technology and diagnostic imaging, medical professionals often needed to ascertain what was happening internally by examining external clues. The stethoscope was one of the firs
Common Neurological Reflex Examination1. Biceps ReflexThe patient keeps his forearm half-flexed, then the examiner holds the patient's elbow joint with his left hand and presses the biceps muscle with the left thumb. The examiner holds the reflex hammer with his right hand and slams his left thumb(a
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Testing deep tendon reflexes is an important part of the newborn neurological exam. They can be technically difficult to do. The first thing is to use a reflex hammer